Background of the TB Control Programme in Greater Waikato
By Dr Nita Harding
On 30th June 1996 there were 158 infected herds in the Waikato. Today, 10 years on, there are only 3 infected cattle herds and one infected deer herd in the whole of the Waikato region. Ten years ago the Waikato region was facing a major problem with the control of Tb infection in cattle and deer herds.
Many herds were on Movement Control because of Tb infection within the herd, and the breakdown rate for Tb infection, that is the rate of new infections, was also high. A major contributor to this level of infection was the large number of movements of cattle in and out of the area, and in particular heifers returning home as rising two year olds.
As the largest dairying district in New Zealand, containing about 20% of all cattle herds in New Zealand, something had to be done in an effort to control the spread of this serious disease in the Waikato.
The fight against Tb was intensified with the establishment of the Waikato Special Testing Area for Dairy Herds, and this resulted in important changes for farmers. Most significantly, annual testing (rather than three yearly testing) was introduced for all dairy cattle over two years of age, and all heifers returning home from grazing also had to be tested.
The effect of this new initiative on the rate of infection was far greater than anyone had envisaged. On 30th June 1996 there were 158 infected herds in the Waikato.
Today, 10 years on, there are only 3 infected cattle herds and one infected deer herd in the whole of the Waikato region. This is a tremendous achievement and a credit to the dedication and teamwork of the industry to take action and put checks in place.
The Heifers are Coming Home, What do I Need to Know?
The requirement to test all heifers returning to Waikato dairy herds still applies and should occur no more than 60 days before the heifers come home (or no later than 30 days after arrival on the home farm).
Graziers should be organising these tests by phoning the AHB Contact Centre on 0800 4 824 636 but it does pay to check that this has been done.
Also, remember testing for Tb is not so reliable on cattle in late pregnancy, so it is better to ensure that the testing is done prior to return rather than once home, when the heifers are likely to be close to calving.
Recommendations for Waikato
It is recommended that cattle are not tested for Tb four to six weeks either side of calving. If your heifers do need testing once they are at home call the AHB Contact Centre, who will then contact your normal Tb testing technician and advise them that the tests need completing. You will then be phoned so that an appointment can be made for the testing to occur.
It is also very important that the heifers are accompanied by the correct paper work. All stock moving must have a completed Animal Status Declaration (also called the Tb card or ASD).
A new version of the ASD was introduced on 1 January 2006, and this must now be used. Booklets of the new ASD forms are available from the AHB – just phone the Freephone number to obtain one, or order on the AHB website.
Individual forms can also be downloaded from both the AHB and NZFSA websites:
- www.ahb.org.nz and click on ‘download ASD’ in the box on the right of the screen.
Dr Nita Harding BVSc, MRCVS MACVSc,
District Disease Control Manager, AgriQuality Veterinary Services, has been involved in Tb disease management in the Waikato region for the last 4 years, more recently focusing on the area north of Atiamuri, and including the South Auckland area. This work is done by AgriQuality under contract to the AHB, and involves close interaction with the AHB regional staff, the regional council and the farming community. Prior to this role Nita worked for MAF in the meat processing industry, and has a background in managing and auditing quality assurance systems, export certification, and animal welfare to meet regulatory and commercial requirements.
Nita is based in AgriQuality’s Hamilton office.
AgriQuality is a leading provider of on-farm quality assurance services including audit, inspection, verification, pest and disease management, and environmental monitoring. In 2005 their 160 on-farm field staff made 50,000 farm visits and performed more that 3.5 million cattle and deer Tb tests.